Coronavirus (COVID-19) Updates
For Aspetar clinical guidelines for safe return to sport during the COVID-19 pandemic, please Click Here

Scientific Papers

IOC Medical COVID-19 Hub

The IOC Medical COVID-19 Hub provides staff involved in Olympic athlete care with evidence-based information.

Repositories/Rapid Reviews of Scientific Evidence on covid-19

  1. Guidelines International Network:
  2. Cochrane Rapid Reviews:
  3. COVID-19 Evidence Network to support Decision-making (COVID-END):
  4. Epistemonikos Foundation:
  5. Evidence Aid:
  6. United States Department of Veterans Affairs Evidence Synthesis Program:
  7. Frontiers Coronavirus Knowledge Hub:

The Lancet:
Springer Nature:
The New England Journal of Medicine:


Williamson, E.J., Walker, A.J., Bhaskaran, K. et al. OpenSAFELY: factors associated with COVID-19 death in 17 million patients. Nature (2020).

Fang L, Karakiulakis G, Roth M. Are patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus at increased risk for COVID-19 infection?. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Mar 11;. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30116-8. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32171062.

Paules CI, Marston HD, Fauci AS. Coronavirus Infections-More Than Just the Common Cold. JAMA. 2020 Jan 23;. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.0757. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31971553.

K McIntosh et al Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Giesecke, J. The invisible pandemic. The Lancet. 2020 May 5


Rubin R. Testing an Old Therapy Against a New Disease: Convalescent Plasma for COVID-19. JAMA. 2020 Apr 30;. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.7456.

Bahl P, Doolan C, de Silva C, Chughtai AA, Bourouiba L, MacIntyre CR. Airborne or droplet precautions for health workers treating COVID-19?. J Infect Dis. 2020 Apr 16;. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiaa189. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32301491; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC7184471.

Callaway E. The race for coronavirus vaccines: a graphical guide. Nature. 2020 Apr;580(7805):576-577. doi: 10.1038/d41586-020-01221-y. PubMed PMID: 32346146.

Day M. Covid-19: ibuprofen should not be used for managing symptoms, say doctors and scientists. BMJ. 2020 Mar 17;368:m1086. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m1086. PubMed PMID: 32184201.

Little P. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and covid-19. BMJ. 2020 Mar 27;368:m1185. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m1185. PubMed PMID: 32220865

Imperial College COVID-19 Response Team. Impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to reduce COVID-19 mortality and healthcare demand

Statement from the American Heart Association, the Heart Failure Society of America and the American College of Cardiology: “Patients taking ACE-i and ARBs who contract COVID-19 should continue treatment, unless otherwise advised by their physician


Dyer Owen. Covid-19: Airborne transmission is being underestimated, warn experts BMJ 2020; 370 :m2720.

Stevens Harry. (2020, March 14). Why outbreaks like coronavirus spread exponentially, and how to “flatten the curve. The Washington Post.

Makin, Simon. (2020, February 5). How Coronaviruses Cause Infection-from Colds to Deadly Pneumonia. Scientific American.

Bourouiba L. Turbulent Gas Clouds and Respiratory Pathogen Emissions: Potential Implications for Reducing Transmission of COVID-19. JAMA. 2020 Mar 26;. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.4756. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32215590.

Xie X, Li Y, Chwang AT, Ho PL, Seto WH. How far droplets can move in indoor environments--revisiting the Wells evaporation-falling curve. Indoor Air. 2007 Jun;17(3):211-25. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0668.2007.00469.x. PubMed PMID: 17542834.


Lewnard JA, Lo NC. Scientific and ethical basis for social-distancing interventions against COVID-19. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020 Mar 23;. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(20)30190-0. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32213329.

Vandegrift R, Bateman AC, Siemens KN, Nguyen M, Wilson HE, Green JL, Van Den Wymelenberg KG, Hickey RJ. Cleanliness in context: reconciling hygiene with a modern microbial perspective. Microbiome. 2017 Jul 14;5(1):76. doi: 10.1186/s40168-017-0294-2. Review. PubMed PMID: 28705228; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5513348.


Nakamura S, Wada K, Yanagisawa N, Smith DR. Health risks and precautions for visitors to the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2018 Mar - Apr;22:3-7. doi: 10.1016/j.tmaid.2018.01.005. Epub 2018 Feb 15. Review. PubMed PMID: 29360525.

Eirale C, Bisciotti G, Corsini A, Baudot C, Saillant G, Chalabi H.  Medical recommendations for home-confined footballers’ training during the COVID-19 pandemic: from evidence to practical application.  Biology of Sport. 2020;37(2):203-207.

Rosenbaum, Lisa. The Untold Toll — The Pandemic’s Effects on Patients without Covid-19. New England Journal of Medicine. (17 April 2020)

Hughes D,In the frame, road map for Australian sport on an uncertain journey through COVID-19, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport (2020)

Stokes KA et al. Returning to Play after Prolonged Training Restrictions in Professional Collision [published online ahead of print, 2020 May 29]. Int J Sports Med.

Pillay L, Janse van Rensburg DCC, Jansen van Rensburg A, et al. Nowhere to hide: The significant impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) measures on elite and semi-elite South African athletes [published online ahead of print, 2020 May 19]. J Sci Med Sport. 2020;S1440-2440(20)30602-2. doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2020.05.016

NCAA Student-Athlete COVID-19 Well-being Study


Kampf G, Todt D, Pfaender S, Steinmann E. Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and their inactivation with biocidal agents. J Hosp Infect. 2020 Mar;104(3):246-251. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2020.01.022. Epub 2020 Feb 6. Review. PubMed PMID: 32035997.

Wood M, Gibbons SM, Lax S, Eshoo-Anton TW, Owens SM, Kennedy S, Gilbert JA, Hampton-Marcell JT. Athletic equipment microbiota are shaped by interactions with human skin. Microbiome. 2015;3:25. doi: 10.1186/s40168-015-0088-3. eCollection 2015. PubMed PMID: 26113975; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4480904.

Andrade A, Dominski FH, Pereira ML, de Liz CM, Buonanno G. Infection risk in gyms during physical exercise. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018 Jul;25(20):19675-19686. doi: 10.1007/s11356-018-1822-8. Epub 2018 May 7. PubMed PMID: 29736645.


Walsh NP. Recommendations to maintain immune health in athletes. Eur J Sport Sci. 2018 Jul;18(6):820-831. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2018.1449895. Epub 2018 Apr 11. Review. PubMed PMID: 29637836.  

Peake JM, Neubauer O, Walsh NP, Simpson RJ. Recovery of the immune system after exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2017 May 1;122(5):1077-1087. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00622.2016. Epub 2016 Dec 1. Review. PubMed PMID: 27909225.


Douglas Margaret, Katikireddi Srinivasa Vittal, Taulbut Martin, McKee Martin, McCartney Gerry. Mitigating the wider health effects of covid-19 pandemic response   BMJ 2020; 369 :m1557


Trisha Greenhalgh. Masks for the public: laying straw men to rest. Authorea. April 28, 2020.

Greenhalgh T, Schmid MB, Czypionka T, Bassler D, Gruer L. Face masks for the public during the covid-19 crisis. BMJ. 2020 Apr 9;369:m1435. doi: 10.1136/bmj.m1435. PubMed PMID: 32273267.

Leung, N.H.L., Chu, D.K.W., Shiu, E.Y.C. et al. Respiratory virus shedding in exhaled breath and efficacy of face masks . Nat Med (2020).

Feng S, Shen C, Xia N, Song W, Fan M, Cowling BJ. Rational use of face masks in the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Respir Med. 2020 Mar 20;. doi: 10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30134-X. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32203710.


Luo, Jianxi (2020) When Will COVID-19 End? Data-Driven Prediction

BJSM Blogs

Luo, Jianxi (2020) The resurgence of sport in the wake of COVID-19: cardiac considerations in competitive athletes

Dealing with the infodemic

Tangcharoensathien V, Calleja N, Nguyen T, Purnat T, D’Agostino M, Garcia-Saiso S, Landry M, Rashidian A, Hamilton C, AbdAllah A, Ghiga I, Hill A, Hougendobler D, van Andel J, Nunn M, Brooks I, Sacco PL, De Domenico M, Mai P, Gruzd A, Alaphilippe A, Briand S.
Framework for Managing the COVID-19 Infodemic: Methods and Results of an Online, Crowdsourced WHO Technical Consultation. J Med Internet Res. 2020;22(6):e19659. URL: DOI: 10.2196/19659. PMID: 32558655.